Incompetent cervix

The cervix is normally closed during pregnancy and opens at labor. Sometimes there is a defect in the cervix leading to its widening and thus abortion or premature labor might occur. This happens due to operations in the cervix, infection, previous complicated vaginal delivery or injuring the cervix during a vaginal procedure. The doctor performs cervical Cerculage as a solution

Molar pregnancy

It is a rare but dangerous complication. It occurs when there is a problem in the sperm or ovum leading to formation of defected conceptus. There is complete mole where there is a placenta and no fetus caused by a sperm fertilizing an empty ovum. There is also an incomplete mole where there is a defected fetus and placenta due to a sperm fertilizing an ovum with abnormal number of chromosomes. Placenta grows very fast and in a deformed manner forming vesicles which looks like grapes and (HCG) hormone is released in blood in increased amounts leading to exaggerated pregnancy symptoms like nausea and vomiting. Immediate interaction is needed.

Ectopic pregnancy

Ectopic pregnancy

It is a pregnancy that implanted outside the uterus. Ectopic pregnancy usually happen in the fallopian tube and rarely in cervix or abdominal cavity. An ectopic pregnancy can’t survive, and the growing tissue may destroy various maternal structures and also cause internal hemorrhage.

Placenta praevia

Placenta Preveia

Normally the placenta is formed at the upper part of the uterus, sometimes the placenta is formed at the lower part of the uterus and part of it or all of it is covering the cervix. This is a dangerous situation as it might lead cause the placenta to bleed from cervix. It can be diagnosed by ultrasound scan. The pregnant woman is advised to rest more and have no sex. There is no medication to treat placenta praevia. If bleeding occurs and the baby’s gestational age is suitable for delivery, the mother can be delivered by a Cesarean section.

Premature labor

Premature labor

It occurs when a baby is delivered before 36 weeks of pregnancy. Factors that lead to premature labor are e.g. premature rupture of your membranes, weak cervix, and placenta separation. The baby is not yet ready to face life outside the mother’s uterus in terms of respiration, temperature control and bleeding, liver function and infections. So the babies are kept in special incubators for a period of time till they are ready.

Gestational diabetes

Gestational diabetes

It is a kind of diabetes that occurs only in pregnancy. If a pregnant woman gets gestational diabetes there would be increased risks during her pregnancy like: abortion, bleeding, fetal problems like fetal death or increased fetal size or increase in amniotic fluid volume. A doctor can follow up with sonography and laboratory tests of glucose in blood and urine. G.D can be controlled by special diets and exercise in moderate cases or drugs like insulin in severe cases.