It is a pregnancy that implanted outside the uterus. Ectopic pregnancy usually happen in the fallopian tube and rarely in cervix or abdominal cavity. An ectopic pregnancy can’t survive, and the growing tissue may destroy various maternal structures and also cause internal hemorrhage.
Normally the placenta is formed at the upper part of the uterus, sometimes the placenta is formed at the lower part of the uterus and part of it or all of it is covering the cervix. This is a dangerous situation as it might lead cause the placenta to bleed from cervix. It can be diagnosed by ultrasound scan. The pregnant woman is advised to rest more and have no sex. There is no medication to treat placenta praevia. If bleeding occurs and the baby’s gestational age is suitable for delivery, the mother can be delivered by a Cesarean section.
The growth retarded baby presents with less than expected size either at labor or at time of ultrasonography. It is diagnosed by the doctor when he is doing his routine ultrasonography or a previous history of delivering a growth retarded baby
It occurs when a baby is delivered before 36 weeks of pregnancy. Factors that lead to premature labor are e.g. premature rupture of your membranes, weak cervix, and placenta separation. The baby is not yet ready to face life outside the mother’s uterus in terms of respiration, temperature control and bleeding, liver function and infections. So the babies are kept in special incubators for a period of time till they are ready.
It is a kind of diabetes that occurs only in pregnancy. If a pregnant woman gets gestational diabetes there would be increased risks during her pregnancy like: abortion, bleeding, fetal problems like fetal death or increased fetal size or increase in amniotic fluid volume. A doctor can follow up with sonography and laboratory tests of glucose in blood and urine. G.D can be controlled by special diets and exercise in moderate cases or drugs like insulin in severe cases.